Painkiller detoxification refers to treatment process to stop an individual who has been an addict to painkiller from taking the drug. The main steps of drug detoxification include evaluation, stabilization, and guiding a patient into treatment. In the evaluation stage, the patient is first tested to see the specific substances that are presently circulating in their bloodstream and the amount; also the doctor assess the patient to look for potential co-occurring disorders, dual diagnosis, and mental/behavioral issues. Once the patient has been evaluated, he or she is then taken through the process of detoxification here the stabilization process can be done by the use of medication or without. The last stage of detoxification process is to guide the patient into the treatment where he or she is asked to sign the agreement form of the detoxification process.
Painkiller are mostly used by people when they are in pain to lower the pain as they wait to receive proper treatment. The painkiller have the ability to lower pains due to their interaction with opioid receptors in the brain that results in a down-modification of the sensations of pain. It is believed that a significant number of people are continuingly using the painkiller and a large number are addicted to them. Addiction treatment in Florida is essential for painkiller addicts especially for those who have made unsuccessful attempts to stop using them. During the detoxification process, it is vital for patients to keep in mind that the process is not a walk in the park and that they will encounter challenges. Painkiller addicts may feel the need of using the drug whenever they need to perform any task. Once one has become an addict, he or she may find it hard to stop using the drug, this is commonly referred to as withdrawal syndrome. The effects of withdrawal syndrome mainly depends on the frequency of use of the drug and the person using it.
The withdrawal symptoms can manifest in early and late stage. Some of the early withdrawal symptoms include, insomnia, yawning, muscle aches, agitation, anxiety, and sweating. In the late stage of painkiller withdrawal, addicts may feel the following signs and symptoms including vomiting, nausea, dilated pupils, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping.
The detox process can be through medication or one can opt not use medication, however some of the commonly used medication in treating withdrawal syndrome include, Naloxone, Naltrexone , Buprenorphine , and Methadone. The main difference between methadone and buprenorphine is that the latter partially activates the brain’s opioid receptors while the former activates the brain’s opioid receptors, however, both are administered orally.
Other than medication therapies, patients can also be taken through behavioral therapies that address the users incentive to start and continue using substances. However, the therapy will vary depending on the treatment center philosophy, patients preference and the treatment center type.